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Competency Based Education System in India

Feb 19, 2018

“It is a student-centered method of teaching and learning that focuses on mastering specific skills or standards rather than completing coursework over a specific period of time”.

In competency-based education systems, students continue to work on specific skills or knowledge until they can demonstrate their understanding and the ability to apply them. Competency-based education requires a high degree of critical thinking, problem-solving and personal responsibility on the part of the student. In a competency-based system, students receive rapid, differentiated support. It offers opportunities for all students, not just the advanced but also those who are struggling.

Education experts across the country have provided research-based evidence that traditional classrooms are not meeting the needs of all students. Competency-based education provides greater flexibility for teachers to deliver content to address the learning styles of all students and provides ways in which districts can more efficiently maximize resources to meet the needs of individual students.

Let’s think and ponder upon some very intriguing questions.

Why we or our current Indian education system is more conscious about marks, grades and degrees and less focused on knowledge, skill and competencies.

Why do we tag students to specializations first and then ask them to build the required competency and why not vice versa?

Why do every recruitment ads feature eligibility in education first and then about his competencies and experience?

Let me quote an example to throw some more light to the above questions.

If a student wants to pursue engineering or management education then why he has to select his specialization first, like an engineering aspirant will be tagged as CS or IT engineer from 1st Year and will have to continue till he graduates likewise for a management aspirant will have to choose his specialization as HR or Marketing before admission and later pursues it till he graduates.

However, this is not true in all cases in India but applicable to more than 80 percentages of courses and curriculum. Even though the first year of education is common in most cases but our system doesn’t allow flexibility in changing specialization easily which creates a lot of ambiguity with students who end up doing what they don’t like doing.

In this process we are churning our students who do not believe in what they studied and did not get to study what they believed they are competent of.

As we all know many successful scholars and entrepreneurs’ are school and college dropouts and they have reached the pinnacle of success because they did what they loved and were good at it.

So this argument brings us to this very important question, is it feasible to implement Competency Based Education in India?

Considering Indian Demographics and current education system it’s a huge challenge that we face today.

We have definitely started our journey towards competency-based learning but lot of awareness is required to educate the torch bearers of our education system to start implementing process at a grass root level which encourages more of competency-based learning and assessments.

The role of the teacher will evolve from a stand and-deliver model to one of coaching, mentoring, facilitating and collaborating with students.

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